El muro que divide a México y Estados Unidos

La frontera entre Estados Unidos y México es para muchos inmigrantes algo que marca sus vidas para siempre. Aquí algunas imágenes de este lugar tan polémico.

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La frontera entre Estados Unidos y México es para muchos inmigrantes algo que marca sus vidas para siempre. Aquí algunas imágenes de este lugar tan polémico.
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La frontera entre Estados Unidos y México va de este a oeste desde las ciudades estadounidenses y mexicanas respectivas de Brownsville, Texas y Matamoros, Tamaulipas, en el Golfo de México hasta las de San Diego, California y Tijuana, Baja California, en el océano Pacífico.
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Atraviesa grandes áreas urbanas y desiertos inhóspitos.
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Corre a lo largo del río Bravo (Conocido en EE.UU. como río Grande), para luego cruzar los desiertos de Sonora y Chihuahua, correr un tramo del río Colorado, para luego cruzar al norte de la Baja California y llegar al océano Pacífico.
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Según la Comisión Internacional de Límites y Aguas la frontera tiene una longitud de 1,951 millas.
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La frontera entre Estados Unidos y México es la frontera con el mayor número de cruces legales en el mundo, con 50.23 millones de cruces peatonales desde el año 2002.
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Y la frontera con más cruces ilegales del mundo, con casi 12 millones en 2007, de los cuales unos 250 en promedio mueren cada año, siendo en su mayoría de nacionalidad mexicana, y en orden decreciente centroamericanos, sudamericanos, caribeños y asiáticos.
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SASABE, AZ - JUNE 01: Undocumented immigrants are escorted from their desert hiding spots after entering the country illegally June 1, 2010 near Sasabe, Arizona. They were captured in a group of 10, working their way through the desert at night about two miles north of the border. During the 2009 fiscal year 540,865 undocumented immigrants were apprehended entering the United States illegally along the Mexican border, 241,000 of those were captured in the 262 mile stretch of the border known as the Tucson Sector. (Photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images)
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SASABE, AZ - JUNE 01: Undocumented immigrants are escorted from their desert hiding spots after entering the country illegally June 1, 2010 near Sasabe, Arizona. They were captured in a group of 10, working their way through the desert at night about two miles north of the border. During the 2009 fiscal year 540,865 undocumented immigrants were apprehended entering the United States illegally along the Mexican border, 241,000 of those were captured in the 262 mile stretch of the border known as the Tucson Sector. (Photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images)
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SASABE, AZ - JUNE 01: A Border Patrol agent checks vehicles for illegal immigrants and contraband at a roadside checkpoint June 1, 2010 near Sasabe, Arizona. During the 2009 fiscal year 540,865 undocumented immigrants were apprehended entering the United States illegally along the Mexican border, 241,000 of those were captured in the 262 mile stretch of the border known as the Tucson Sector. (Photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images)
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NOGALES, AZ - JUNE 01: A Border Patrol agent patrols the border June 1, 2010 in Nogales, Arizona. During the 2009 fiscal year 540,865 undocumented immigrants were apprehended entering the United States illegally along the Mexican border, 241,000 of those were captured along this 262 mile stretch of the border known as the Tucson Sector. (Photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images)
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NOGALES, AZ - JUNE 02: An U.S. Customs and Border Protection bike patrol agent assists Mexican's being returned to Mexico after they were apprehended for entering the United States illegally June 2, 2010 in Nogales, Arizona. A fence which separates the cities of Nogales, Arizona and Nogales, Sonora Mexico is a frequent crossing point for people entering the United States illegally. During the 2009 fiscal year 540,865 undocumented immigrants were apprehended entering the United States illegally along the Mexican border, 241,000 of those were captured in the 262 mile stretch of the border known as the Tucson Sector. (Photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images)
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NOGALES, AZ - JUNE 02: An U.S. Customs and Border Protection agent escorts Mexican's being returned to Mexico after they were apprehended for entering the United States illegally June 2, 2010 in Nogales, Arizona. During the 2009 fiscal year 540,865 undocumented immigrants were apprehended entering the United States illegally along the Mexican border, 241,000 of those were captured in the 262 mile stretch of the border known as the Tucson Sector. (Photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images)
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NOGALES, AZ - JUNE 02: A Mexican official takes custody at the border of Mexican's being returned to Mexico after being apprehended for entering the United States illegally June 2, 2010 in Nogales, Arizona. During the 2009 fiscal year 540,865 undocumented immigrants were apprehended entering the United States illegally along the Mexican border, 241,000 of those were captured in the 262 mile stretch of the border known as the Tucson Sector. (Photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images)
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NOGALES, AZ - JUNE 02: A U.S. U.S. Customs and Border Protection agent drives along a fence which separates the cities of Nogales, Arizona and Nogales, Sonora Mexico, a frequent crossing point for people entering the United States illegally, June 2, 2010 in Nogales, Arizona. During the 2009 fiscal year 540,865 undocumented immigrants were apprehended entering the United States illegally along the Mexican border, 241,000 of those were captured in the 262 mile stretch of the border known as the Tucson Sector. (Photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images)
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NOGALES, AZ - JUNE 02: A U.S. U.S. Customs and Border Protection agent drives along a fence which separates the cities of Nogales, Arizona and Nogales, Sonora Mexico, a frequent crossing point for people entering the United States illegally, June 2, 2010 in Nogales, Arizona. During the 2009 fiscal year 540,865 undocumented immigrants were apprehended entering the United States illegally along the Mexican border, 241,000 of those were captured in the 262 mile stretch of the border known as the Tucson Sector. (Photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images)
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NOGALES, AZ - JUNE 02: A fence separates the cities of Nogales, Arizona and Nogales, Sonora Mexico, a frequent crossing point for people entering the United States illegally, June 2, 2010 in Nogales, Arizona. During the 2009 fiscal year 540,865 undocumented immigrants were apprehended entering the United States illegally along the Mexican border, 241,000 of those were captured in the 262 mile stretch of the border known as the Tucson Sector. (Photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images)
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GREEN VALLEY, AZ - JULY 31: A discarded shoe lies in the desert along a trail used by immigrants crossing into Arizona from Mexico on July 31, 2010 near Green Valley, Arizona. Immigrant aid groups and law enforcement alike say that the number of immigrants crossing illegally into Arizona from Mexico has slowed dramatically in 2010, with jobs scarce due to the U.S. recession and widespread fear in the Latino community associated with Arizona's new immigration enforcement law SB 1070. (Photo by John Moore/Getty Images)
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GREEN VALLEY, AZ - JULY 31: Volunteer Tim Doherty inspects (C) a backpack cast away by immigrants crossing from Mexico into Arizona on a backcountry trail as fellow volunteer Rebecca Fowleron watches on July 31, 2010 near Green Valley, Arizona. Doherty conducts patrols for the non-profit Samaritans, delivering water to points near the U.S. Mexico border for immigrants crossing illegally into Arizona. He and fellow volunteers also provide medical assistance for distressed migrants, who often suffer from severe dehydration while crossing the desert. Immigrant aid groups and law enforcement alike say that the number of immigrants crossing illegally into Arizona from Mexico has slowed dramatically in 2010, with jobs scarce due to the U.S. recession and widespread fear in the Latino community associated with Arizona's new immigration enforcement law SB 1070. (Photo by John Moore/Getty Images) *** Local Caption *** Tim Doherty;Rebecca Fowleron
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GREEN VALLEY, AZ - JULY 31: Volunteer Tim Doherty (L) inspects jugs of drinking water set out for immigrants crossing into Arizona from Mexico on a backcountry trail as fellow volunteer Rebecca Fowleron watches on July 31, 2010 near Green Valley, Arizona. Doherty conducts patrols for the non-profit Samaritans, delivering water to points near the U.S. Mexico border for immigrants crossing illegally into Arizona. He and fellow volunteers also provide medical assistance for distressed migrants, who often suffer from severe dehydration while crossing the desert. Immigrant aid groups and law enforcement alike say that the number of immigrants crossing illegally into Arizona from Mexico has slowed dramatically in 2010, with jobs scarce due to the U.S. recession and widespread fear in the Latino community associated with Arizona's new immigration enforcement law SB 1070. (Photo by John Moore/Getty Images) *** Local Caption *** Rebecca Fowlero;Tim Doherty
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NOGALES, AZ - DECEMBER 07: Arizona National Guardsmen watch over the U.S. border with Mexico at an observation post on December 7, 2010 in Nogales, Arizona. The Obama administration ordered more than 500 soldiers placed along the Arizona border to man "entry identification sites" and spot illegal immigrants crossing into the United States. The troops, who have no detention authority, radio U.S. Border Patrol agents when they spot immigrants crossing. The troop deployment was meant to further bolster border security and help stem illegal immigration into Arizona, which has become a flashpoint for the issue nationwide. (Photo by John Moore/Getty Images)
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NOGALES, AZ - DECEMBER 07: Arizona National Guardsmen watch over the U.S. border with Mexico at an observation post on December 7, 2010 in Nogales, Arizona. The Obama administration ordered more than 500 soldiers placed along the Arizona border to man "entry identification sites" and spot illegal immigrants crossing into the United States. The troops, who have no detention authority, radio U.S. Border Patrol agents when they spot immigrants crossing. The troop deployment was meant to further bolster border security and help stem illegal immigration into Arizona, which has become a flashpoint for the issue nationwide. (Photo by John Moore/Getty Images)
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NOGALES, AZ - DECEMBER 07: An Arizona National Guardsman watches over the U.S. border with Mexico at an observation post on December 7, 2010 in Nogales, Arizona. The Obama administration ordered more than 500 soldiers placed along the Arizona border to man "entry identification sites" and spot illegal immigrants crossing into the United States. The troops, who have no detention authority, radio U.S. Border Patrol agents when they spot immigrants crossing. The troop deployment was meant to further bolster border security and help stem illegal immigration into Arizona, which has become a flashpoint for the issue nationwide. (Photo by John Moore/Getty Images)
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TOHONO O'ODHAM NATION, AZ - DECEMBER 09: Border Patrol agents deplane a helicopter from the U.S. Office of Air and Marine after searching for drug smugglers spotted in a remote area of the Sonoran Desert on December 9, 2010 in the Tohono O'odham Reservation, Arizona. The area is a favorite spot for smugglers and illegal immigrants to cross the border into the United States. (Photo by John Moore/Getty Images)
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NOGALES, AZ - DECEMBER 10: A U.S. Customs and Border Protection officer checks the IDs of visitors entering the United States from Mexico at the border crossing on December 10, 2010 in Nogales, Arizona. Despite Arizona's tough immigration enforcement laws, thousands of Mexican citizens have permits to work in the U.S. and commute daily from their homes across the border in Mexico. Border crossings, known as "ports of entry," are run by the U.S. Office of Field Operations, which is part of the department of U.S. Customs and Border Protection. Port personnel are the face at the border for most visitors and cargo entering the United States and are authorized to stop, question, search and examine everyone entering the country. (Photo by John Moore/Getty Images)
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NOGALES, AZ - DECEMBER 10: Hundreds of cars wait to pass from Mexico into the United States at the border crossing on December 10, 2010 in Nogales, Arizona. Despite Arizona's tough immigration enforcement laws, thousands of Mexican citizens have permits to work in the U.S. and commute daily from their homes across the border in Mexico. Border crossings, known as "ports of entry," are run by the U.S. Office of Field Operations, which is part of the department of U.S. Customs and Border Protection. Port personnel are the face at the border for most visitors and cargo entering the United States and are authorized to stop, question, search and examine everyone entering the country. (Photo by John Moore/Getty Images)
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NOGALES, AZ - DECEMBER 10: Visitors stand in line to cross into the United States from Mexico at the border crossing on December 10, 2010 at Nogales, Arizona. Despite Arizona's tough immigration enforcement laws, thousands of Mexican citizens have permits to work in the U.S. and commute daily from their homes across the border in Mexico. Border crossings, known as "ports of entry," are run by the U.S. Office of Field Operations, which is part of the department of U.S. Customs and Border Protection. Port personnel are the face at the border for most visitors and cargo entering the United States and are authorized to stop, question, search and examine everyone entering the country. (Photo by John Moore/Getty Images)
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TOHONO O'ODHAM NATION, AZ - JANUARY 18: The porous U.S. Mexico border fence stretches through the Sonoran Desert on January 18, 2011 in the Tohono O'odham Nation, Arizona. The Native American reservation, which stretches across 72 miles of the U.S.-Mexico border, is a key crossing point for narcotics entering the United States. (Photo by John Moore/Getty Images)
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TOHONO O'ODHAM NATION, AZ - JANUARY 18: A U.S. Border Patrol agent closes a gate in the U.S.-Mexico border fence on January 18, 2011 in the Tohono O'odham Nation, Arizona. The Native American reservation, which stradles 72 miles of the border, has several border gates through which Indians are allowed to pass freely between the United States and Mexico. (Photo by John Moore/Getty Images)
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TOHONO O'ODHAM NATION, AZ - JANUARY 18: A flag honors slain U.S. Border Patrol agent Michael Gallagher on January 18, 2011 in the Tohono O'odham Nation, Arizona. Gallagher was killed by a drunk driver while patroling near the U.S.-Mexico border in the Sonoran desert September 2, 2010. The Border Patrol as well as officers from the Immigration and Customs Enforcement agency patrol the Native American reservation for drug smugglers and illegal immigrants crossing into the United States. (Photo by John Moore/Getty Images)
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TOHONO O'ODHAM NATION, AZ - JANUARY 19: Undocumented Mexican immigrants walk through the Sonoran Desert after illegally crossing the U.S.-Mexico border border on January 19, 2011 into the Tohono O'odham Nation, Arizona. The immigrants said they had wandered the desert lost for a week after crossing from Mexico into the vast Indian reservation at night. Exhausted, they requested the Border Patrol to pick them up and take them to the U.S.-Mexico border, from where they would return to their homes in the Mexican state of Sonora. They had come, they said, to reach Phoenix and find work in construction or landscaping. All said they had worked in Arizona before. (Photo by John Moore/Getty Images)
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TOHONO O'ODHAM NATION, AZ - JANUARY 19: Undocumented Mexican immigrants walk through the Sonoran Desert after illegally crossing the U.S.-Mexico border border on January 19, 2011 into the Tohono O'odham Nation, Arizona. The immigrants said they had wandered the desert lost for a week after crossing from Mexico into the vast Indian reservation at night. Exhausted, they requested the Border Patrol to pick them up and take them to the U.S.-Mexico border, from where they would return to their homes in the Mexican state of Sonora. They had come, they said, to reach Phoenix and find work in construction or landscaping. All said they had worked in Arizona before. (Photo by John Moore/Getty Images)
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TOHONO O'ODHAM NATION, AZ - JANUARY 19: Undocumented Mexican immigrants walk through the Sonoran Desert after illegally crossing the U.S.-Mexico border border on January 19, 2011 into the Tohono O'odham Nation, Arizona. The immigrants said they had wandered the desert lost for a week after crossing from Mexico into the vast Indian reservation at night. Exhausted, they requested the Border Patrol to pick them up and take them to the U.S.-Mexico border, from where they would return to their homes in the Mexican state of Sonora. They had come, they said, to reach Phoenix and find work in construction or landscaping. All said they had worked in Arizona before. (Photo by John Moore/Getty Images)
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TOHONO O'ODHAM NATION, AZ - JANUARY 19: Undocumented Mexican immigrants walk through the Sonoran Desert after illegally crossing the U.S.-Mexico border border on January 19, 2011 into the Tohono O'odham Nation, Arizona. The immigrants said they had wandered the desert lost for a week after crossing from Mexico into the vast Indian reservation at night. Exhausted, they requested the Border Patrol to pick them up and take them to the U.S.-Mexico border, from where they would return to their homes in the Mexican state of Sonora. They had come, they said, to reach Phoenix and find work in construction or landscaping. All said they had worked in Arizona before. (Photo by John Moore/Getty Images)
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TOHONO O'ODHAM NATION, AZ - JANUARY 19: Undocumented Mexican immigrants walk through the Sonoran Desert after illegally crossing the U.S.-Mexico border border on January 19, 2011 into the Tohono O'odham Nation, Arizona. The immigrants said they had wandered the desert lost for a week after crossing from Mexico into the vast Indian reservation at night. Exhausted, they requested the Border Patrol to pick them up and take them to the U.S.-Mexico border, from where they would return to their homes in the Mexican state of Sonora. They had come, they said, to reach Phoenix and find work in construction or landscaping. All said they had worked in Arizona before. (Photo by John Moore/Getty Images)
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TOHONO O'ODHAM NATION, AZ - JANUARY 19 : U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement tactical agent John Bothof tracks illegal immigrants' footprints to the bank of a pond on January 19, 2011 in the Tohono O'odham Nation, Arizona. He said that immigrants and drug smugglers often stop at the pond to drink while crossing the Sonoran Desert from Mexico. Bothof is a member of the Shadow Wolves, the only Native American unit of the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement agency. The ICE unit tracks and interdicts drug smugglers crossing into the Indian reservation along a 72-mile stretch of the U.S.-Mexico border. (Photo by John Moore/Getty Images) *** Local Caption *** John Bothof
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TOHONO O'ODHAM NATION, AZ - JANUARY 19: U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement tactical agent John Bothof tracks illegal immigrants' footprints near a pond on January 19, 2011 in the Tohono O'odham Nation, Arizona. He said that immigrants and drug smugglers often stop to drink while crossing the Sonoran Desert from Mexico. Bothof is a member of the Shadow Wolves, the only Native American unit of the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement agency. The ICE unit tracks and interdicts primarily drug smugglers crossing into the Indian reservation along a 72-mile stretch of the U.S.-Mexico border. (Photo by John Moore/Getty Images) *** Local Caption *** John Bothof
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TOHONO O'ODHAM NATION, AZ - JANUARY 19: U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement tactical agent John Bothof checks broken branches while trying to track drug smugglers through the Sonoran Desert on January 19, 2011 in the Tohono O'odham Nation, Arizona. Bothof is a member of the Shadow Wolves, the only Native American unit of the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement agency. The ICE unit tracks and interdicts drug smugglers crossing into the Indian reservation along a 72-mile stretch of the U.S.-Mexico border. (Photo by John Moore/Getty Images) *** Local Caption *** John Bothof
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NOGALES, AZ - JUNE 22: U.S. Army National Guardsman Spc. Roy Jewell, 21, looks through a thermal imaging camera while seaching for illegal immigrants and drug smugglers crossing the U.S.-Mexico border on June 22, 2011 in Nogales, Arizona. The Pentagon recently extended the deployment of some 1,200 guardsmen who were deployed last year to assist with border security on the U.S.-Mexico border until September 30. Soldiers at Early Identification Team (EIT) observation posts in Nogales work 24 hour shifts, each taking turns resting for 4 hours during the night. The National Guard troops are strictly on surveillance duty, although they are armed and have been credited with helping U.S. Border Patrol agents arrest up to 17,000 illegal immigrants crossing into the United States. (Photo by John Moore/Getty Images)
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NOGALES, AZ - JUNE 22: U.S. Army National Guardsmen scan the U.S.-Mexico border with a thermal imaging camera at dusk on June 22, 2011 in Nogales, Arizona. The Pentagon recently extended the deployment of some 1,200 guardsmen who were deployed last year to assist with border security on the U.S.-Mexico border until September 30. Soldiers at Early Identification Team (EIT) observation posts in Nogales work 24 hour shifts, each taking turns resting for 4 hours during the night. The National Guard troops are strictly on surveillance duty, although they are armed and have been credited with helping U.S. Border Patrol agents arrest up to 17,000 illegal immigrants crossing into the United States. (Photo by John Moore/Getty Images)
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NOGALES, AZ - JUNE 22: U.S. Army National Guardsman Sgt. Oscar Escobar scans the U.S.-Mexico border at dusk on June 22, 2011 in Nogales, Arizona. The Pentagon recently extended the deployment of some 1,200 guardsmen who were deployed last year to assist with border security on the U.S.-Mexico border until September 30. Soldiers at Early Identification Team (EIT) observation posts in Nogales work 24 hour shifts, each taking turns resting for 4 hours during the night. The National Guard troops are strictly on surveillance duty, although they are armed and have been credited with helping U.S. Border Patrol agents arrest up to 17,000 illegal immigrants crossing into the United States. (Photo by John Moore/Getty Images)
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